River Widening and Deepening in Kholapur
India Pulses and Grains Association (IPGA), the apex body for the pulses and grains industry in India launched a major WATER RESOURCE REVIVAL PROJECT in drought-hit villages of Kholapur of the Marathwada region in Maharashtra. Marathwada region has had three consecutive years of drought. Rivers, nallahs and wells were dry causing huge scarcity of water for drinking and farming.
The project will directly and indirectly benefit close to 25 villages and over 150,000 villagers in Kholapur and Phulambri talukas. The improved water table level and availability of water will ensure that farmers in the area will have abundant supply for irrigation, increase sowing and therefore production of pulses in the region. The increased farming activity will help generate employment as well as reduce the migration of youth from the villages to nearby towns and cities in search of employment.
IPGA has planned to undertake activities that will ensure the all-round development of Bhokardan by providing long term solutions. While the Water Resource Revival Project is the first such initiative, many more activities are in the planning stage.
The Water Resource Revival Project is a part of the various initiatives planned by IPGA to celebrate The International Year of Pulses 2016. The other initiatives of IPGA include conducting training programs in advanced agricultural practices for farmers with experts from various research institutes like ICRISAT, IIPR and IFPRI.
Scarcity of Water
Marathwada region has had three consecutive years of drought. Rivers, nallahs and wells were dry causing huge scarcity of water for drinking and farming
To accumulate Rain Water
Most river beds and nallahs in these villages were filled with silt due to which rain water would not accumulate in these areas
Before IPGA Initiative
Most river beds and nallahs in these villages were filled with silt due to which rain water would not accumulate in these areas. The widening and deepening of the riverbed/nallah in each village will be done for around 2 km to 3 km in length, across the entire span of the river bed or nallah and 2.5 to 3 meters deep. The span of the river beds vary from 25 mtrs to 65 mtrs
After the Work
IPGA adopted the DOH (डोह) model for the excavation process. In this process, multiple pockets of about 300 meters in length at a distance of 10 to 15 meters were created within the riverbed/nallah. .
IPGA excavated close to 400,000 cubic meters of river beds/nallahs creating a storage capacity of 40 crore litres and three infiltrations of the cached water will percolate over 100 crore litres of water into the land around these sites.
|Total Length||Average width||Average depth||No. of DOHS|
|1500 metres||21 metres||2 metres||4|