Pigeon Pea

Pigeon Pea

The pigeon pea is also known as Gandule bean, tropical green pea, kadios, congo pea, gungo pea, gunga pea, fio-fio, mgbumgbu, toor dal. The centre of origin of pigeon pea is eastern part of India.

This crop is cultivated since 3,500 years.

Now days pigeon peas are widely cultivated in all tropical and semitropical regions. India is the major producer of pigeon pea, appx. 82% of total production is grown in India. Apart from India, eastern Africa and Central America are the world’s main pigeon pea-producing regions.

Scientific Classification of Pigeon Peas
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family:  Fabaceae
Genus:  Cajanus
Species:  C. cajan
Binomial name Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.

Health benefits of Pigeon pea


For vegetarians pigeon pea is the safest and highest source of protein, which helps in muscle and organ development.
Pigeon pea contains vitamins and minerals such as thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B-6, folate, vitamin A along with calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium zinc and sodium.
Pigeon peas are also helpful in liver protection if we consume on regular basis. Research studies show that when pigeon pea given to test mice with damaged livers showed a substantial improvement in the condition. Not only in healing it also showed sustained liver protection when given regularly.
Traditionally it’s believed that young leaves of this plant are useful in treating diarrhea and dysentery. The leaves are taken and made into a paste and consumed. Alternatively, the juice of young leaves can be given for treating diarrhea and dysentery.
 

Nutrition fact


Pigeon peas, mature, raw 
Amount per 100gms
Calories 343 % Daily Value*
>Total fat           1.49 g
Sodium17 mg
Total Carbohydrate  62.78g
Dietary fiber15 g
Sugarn/a
Protein21.7 g
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)0.643 mg(56%)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)0.187 mg (16%)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)2.965 mg (20%)
Pantothenic acid(B5)1.266 mg (25%)
Vitamin B60.283 mg (22%)
Folate (Vitamin B9)456 µg (114%)
Choline0.00 mg (0%)
Vitamin C0 mg
Vitamin E0.0 mg
Vitamin K0.0 µg
Calcium130 mg (13%)
Iron5.23 mg (40%)
Magnesium183 mg (52%)
Manganese1.791 mg (85%)
Phosphorus367 mg (52%)
Potassium1392 mg (30%)
Sodium17 mg (1%)
Zinc2.76 mg (29%)
Per cent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.

Pigeon Peas, immature, raw

Amount per 100gms
Calories136 Kcal % Daily Value*
Total fat1.64 g
Sodium5 mg
Total Carbohydrate23.88 g
Dietary fiber5.1 g
Sugar3 g
Protein7.2 g
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)0.4 mg (35%)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)0.17 mg (14%)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)2.2 mg (15%)
Pantothenic acid(B5)0.68 mg (14%)
Vitamin B60.068 mg (5%)
Folate (Vitamin B9)173 µg (43%)
Choline45.8 mg (9%)
Vitamin C39 mg
Vitamin E0.39 mg
Vitamin K24 µg
Calcium42 mg (4%)
Iron1.6 mg (12%)
Magnesium68 mg (19%)
Manganese0.574 mg (27%)
Phosphorus127 mg (18%)
Potassium552 mg (12%)
Sodium5 mg (0%)
Zinc1.04 mg (11%)
Per cent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
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