Green Gram

Green Gram, also known as Mung or Golden Gram or Pesalu (in Telugu), PasiPayaru (in Tamil) is the seed of VignaRadiate and is native to the Indian subcontinent. Apart from India it is also cultivated in China, Thailand, Indonesia, Burma, Bangladesh, Laos, Cambodia and also in hot and dry regions of Southern Europe and the Southern United States.
Suitable climate for cultivation of Green Gram should be warm humid and within temperature range of 25°C to 35°C, with moderate rains of 80-100cm, well distributed during growing period of 100days.

Mung should grow from sea level to as high as 2000 meters. Normally middle of March to last week of June as high temperature and low humidity keep insects and disease infestations at their lowest. In North India, it is cultivated during warm and wet Kharif season and in South India in mild winter season.
It is cultivated on a variety of soils, from red laterite soils in South India to black cotton soils in North India and sandy soils in Rajasthan. To cultivate Green Gram a well drained loamy to sandy loam soil is the best, while saline and alkaline soil or waterlogged soils are not at all suitable for cultivation.

Scientific Classification of Green Gram

Kingdom Plantae
(unranked) Angiosperms
(unranked) Eudicots
(unranked) Rosids
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae
Genus Vigna
Species V. radiata
Binomial name Vignaradiata(L.) R. Wilczek
Synonyms PhaseolusaureusRoxb.

 

Season and Varieties


District/Season Varieties

Adipattam (June - July)
All districts except Kanyakumari and Nilgiris Co 6, Co(Gg) 7, VBN 2, VBN(Gg) 3
Vellore and Thiruvannamalai VRM (Gg) 1,

Puratasipattam (September - October)
Kanchipuram, Tiruvallur, Dharmapuri, Vellore, Co 6, VBN(Gg) 2, VBN(Gg) 3
Tiruvannamalai, Salem, Namakkal, Cuddalore,
Villupuram, Thiruchirapalli, Perumbalur, Erode,
Coimbatore, Madurai, Dindigul, Theni, Pudukottai,
Pudukkottai, Sivagangi, Ramanthapuram,
Virudhunagar, Thothukudi and Thirunelveli VRM(Gg) 1
Vellore and Tiruvannamalai,

Margazhi-Thai Pattam (December – January)
All districts except Kanyakumari and Nilgiris VBN(Gg) 2, VBN(Gg)3

Rice fallows (January - February)
Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Cuddalore, ADT 3
Summer (February - March)
Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Cuddalore, Co 6, VBN(Gg) 3
Villupuram, Tiruchirapalli, Perambalur, Thiruvallur,
Kanchipuram
 

Varieties of Green gram


 
Particulars KM 2 CO 4 ADT 3 Paiyur 1 VBN 1 K 1
Parentage Hybrid deri­vative of No.127xS.9 Mutant of
CO 1
Hybrid deri­vative of H70-16/ Rajendran/
G65
PS from DPT 703 Hybrid deri­vative of S.8xPIMS 3 Co 4 x ML 65
Year of release 1978 1981 1988 1988 1989 1998
50% flowering (days) Duration (days) Grain yield (kg/ha)
Rainfed
35 - 40 65 - 70 767 40 – 45 85 910 36 66 500 45 - 50 85 – 90 742 30 - 35 65 770 70 - 75 - 670
Irrigated Plant height (cm) Stem, branches etc. Branches 35 - 45 Green stem - 1550 60 - 70 Green stem 3 – 4 500 (Rice fallows) 35 – 45 Green stem 2 – 3 - 5 5- 60 Green 3 – 4 55 - 60 Green sparsely hairy 2 – 3 70 - 75 Green, slightly Pubescent 3 - 4
Leaves Medium  Broad tripartate
and hairy
Medium broad, Petiole long Broad Medium, foliate, ovate Broad
Pod characters Dark brown and tip covered Green when tender & black on drying Dark brown Dull green Sparsely hairy , light black pods Long and slightly pubescent, brown
Colour of grain Shiny green Dull green Green Dull Green Green Dull green
100 grain wt (g) 3.0 4.1 2 - 3 3 - 5 3.6 3.5
 
Particulars CO 6 VRM(Gg) 1 VBN(Gg) 2
Parentage WGG 37 x CO 5 Pure line selection from
K 851
Cross derivative of VGG 4 x MH 309
Year of release 1999 2001 2001
50% flowering (days) 26 – 30 31 – 35 30 – 35
Duration (days) 62 – 67 56 – 67 65 – 70
Grain yield (kg/ha)
Rainfed 900 1100 750
Irrigated Plant height (cm) 1050
35 - 55
HAVE YOU REGISTERED FOR THE PULSES CONCLAVE 2018?
Register Now
Join us in New Delhi