India's Food Security
India’s food security program through PDS reaching the farthest poor unfortunately only covers cereals. 60% of India is poor ,40% of this poor live in the rural areas and nearly 22% who have little or no access to food live below the poverty line. PDS plays an important role, in catering to this population of poor. However , only rice and wheat being on PDS the poor’s access to protein in form of pulses remains limited. India is world’s second largest producer of pulses however, highest consumption and erratic price movements have declined the availability of pulses which is quite low than actual recommendation of WHO of 80 grams/capita/day (29.2 kg/capita/year). The pulse protein consumption of an average Indian is barely 10 gm per day. There exist wide disparities in income, a large section of India’s population, children and women from rural areas in particular, are undernourished and malnourished. The Indian poor along with low calorie intake are deprived of adequate proteins too. The problem is probably more acute for the low-income vegan population, who rely, for most of their protein needs, upon pulses, and compared to cereals the protein content in their diet is quite small.